An institution for children with disabilities is a facility that provides social services, and is a medical and social institution, designed for permanent residence of children in need of care, providing domestic and medical services, as well as of social and labor adaptation. In this institution a department or a group with a five or six-day regime may be organized.
Children without parental care – children under 18 years, without the care of one or both parents, in the following cases:
- death of parents (orphans);
- long-term absence of parents;
- deprivation or limitation of parental rights;
- parents deemed missing or disabled (partially incapacitated);
- illness of parents;
- parents are serving time in institutions or detention facilities, deprived of their liberty, either on suspicion of or accused of committing a crime;
- parent’s avoidance of parenting or protection of children’ rights and interests, including parents’ refusal to take their children to and from educational and medical institutions, social protection, and other similar institutions;
- other cases of children without parental care, as specified by the law.
Disabled person – a person who has a health disorder with a disability, caused by illnesses, or injuries (wounds, trauma, concussions), resulting in limitations to daily life that require his/her social protection.
Disabled child – a person under 18 years of age, who has a health disorder with a disability, caused by illnesses or injuries (wounds, trauma, concussions), resulting in limitations to daily life that require his/her social protection.
Residential Institutions for children – children's homes, social and pedagogical institutions, boarding schools for orphans and children without parental care, auxiliary boarding schools, special general education boarding schools, specialised educational institutions, special medical-educational institutions, and other residential institutions for children.
|Number of children’s homes (at the end of the year)||25||25||25||25||25||23||23||22||21||21||20|
|including number of children (persons)||1 599||1 632||1 558||1 407||1 284||1 237||1 190||976||895||875||747|
|3 years and over||318||332||360||360||366||341||320||249||253||232||211|
|Out of the total number of orphans and children without parental care|
|Entered during the year (persons)||1 543||1 568||1 399||1 209||1 258||1 258||1 173||1138||1 105||1 133||831|
|temporarily sent by parents||472||449||517||398||480||506||511||497||478||530||417|
|orphans and children without parental care||1 071||1 119||882||811||778||752||662||644||627||630||414|
|Left during the year (persons)||1 661||1 589||1 479||1 360||1 381||1 305||1 220||1 329||1 189||1 150||867|
|taken back by parents||489||547||518||486||541||636||662||762||748||716||651|
|taken for adoption||905||775||660||639||641||502||393||402||341||318||216|
|Transferred, due to the age limits of educational and medical-social institutions||325||210||263||211||166||137||146||139||88||101||76|
|Number of children behind in physical growth and mental development||42||57||38||24||33||30||553||462||482||419||287|