Birth registration is based on annual statistical information from civil registration documents on birth. The number of newborns includes only livebirths.
Child birth (livebirth) – since 1 January 2008 the concepts of “livebirth” and “stillbirth” correspond to WHO recommendations in Kazakhstan.,The following information is used for statistical purposes from birth registration documents: characteristics of the newborn – sex, date, and place of birth, birth order, single or multiple births, livebirth or stillbirth; mother’s characteristics – date of birth, age, nationality, education level, permanent residence, income source; records on the father, information on marital status (Annex 1 on state services standards provides for the “registration of child birth, including the introduction of changes, additions, and corrections to the civil registration documents” and was confirmed by a decision of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 17 April, 2015, № 219, also called “on the approval of standards of state services for civil registration and apostille,” registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan on 17 June, 2015, № 11374).
Crude birth rate – an indicator that determines the number of livebirths among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1 000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year. Usually, this indicator is expressed as the number of births per 1 000 persons.
Age-specific fertility rates are calculated as the ratio of the number of livebirths during a year by women of a specific age group to the average annual number of women of the same age. For the under-20 years age group, the rate is calculated using the number of women aged 15-19 years old as the denominator. For the 15-49 age group, the numerator comprises all births to women under age of 15 and to women aged 50 years and older.
Total fertility rate shows the average number of livebirths a woman would have during her reproductive period (15-49 years) if she were subject, throughout her life, to the age-specific fertility rates observed in a given year. Its value does not depend on the age composition of the population and instead, characterizes the average fertility rate during a given calendar period. Total fertility rate is calculated as the average number of births to a woman of reproductive age and is a more accurate indicator of the birth rate than crude birth rate.
Life expectancy at birth – the average expected number of years a newborn is expected to live if current death rates do not change.
|Livebirths – total, persons||387 256||399 309||398 458||400 694||390 262||397 799||402 310||426 824||446 491|
|urban population||209 383||222 821||225 808||229 731||226 847||235 014||239 496||249 627||262 507|
|rural population||177 873||176 488||172 650||170 963||163 415||162 785||162 814||177 197||183 984|
|Crude birth rate, per 1 000 persons||22,73||23,1||22,71||22,52||21,64||21,77||20,83||21,81||22,51|
|Total fertility rate, number of newborns per 1 000 women||2,64||2,73||2,74||2,77||2,73||2,84||2,90||3,13||3,32|
|Age-specific fertility rate of age group 15-49, number of newborns per 1 000 women||84,43||87,32||87,4||88,13||85,93||87,65||88,63||93,94||98,07|